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Article
On the Herodian Origin of Militant Davidic Messianism at Qumran: New Light from Psalm of Solomon 17
Journal of Biblical Literature (1999)
  • Kenneth Atkinson
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to present a new scenario for understanding the historical origin of militant Davidic messianism in the Qumran texts. To accomplish this objective, Qumran documents that bear witness to a militant Davidic messiah will be compared with Psalm of Solomon 17 (Ps. Sol. 17), a text commonly considered the locus classicus for the pre-Christian expectation of a Davidic messiah. This investigation will propose that militant Davidic messianism first emerged in the latter years of the Hasmonean era and became widespread during the Herodian period. This violent messiah was fashioned predominantly as a righteous counterpart to Herod the Great and subsequent Herodian rulers, whom he was expected to overthrow before then inaugurating an eternal reign of peace.
Keywords
  • Psalms,
  • Dead Sea Scrolls,
  • Eschatology,
  • Scepters,
  • Judaism,
  • Scrolls,
  • Priests,
  • Christianity,
  • War
Publication Date
January 1, 1999
Citation Information
Kenneth Atkinson. "On the Herodian Origin of Militant Davidic Messianism at Qumran: New Light from Psalm of Solomon 17" Journal of Biblical Literature Vol. 118 Iss. 3 (1999) p. 435 - 460
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kenneth-atkinson/18/