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Euphotic Zone Depth: Its Derivation and Implication to Ocean-Color Remote Sensing
Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans
  • ZhongPing Lee, Stennis Space Center
  • Alan Weidemann, Stennis Space Center
  • John Kindle, Stennis Space Center
  • Robert Arnone, Stennis Space Center
  • Kendall L. Carder, University of South Florida
  • Curtiss Davis, Oregon State University
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  • euphotic depth,
  • inherent optical properties,
  • ocean‐color remote sensing,
  • water clarity
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Euphotic zone depth, z1%, reflects the depth where photosynthetic available radiation (PAR) is 1% of its surface value. The value of z1% is a measure of water clarity, which is an important parameter regarding ecosystems. Based on the Case‐1 water assumption, z1% can be estimated empirically from the remotely derived concentration of chlorophyll‐a ([Chl]), commonly retrieved by employing band ratios of remote sensing reflectance (Rrs). Recently, a model based on water's inherent optical properties (IOPs) has been developed to describe the vertical attenuation of visible solar radiation. Since IOPs can be near‐analytically calculated from Rrs, so too can z1%. In this study, for measurements made over three different regions and at different seasons (z1% were in a range of 4.3–82.0 m with [Chl] ranging from 0.07 to 49.4 mg/m3), z1% calculated from Rrs was compared with z1% from in situ measured PAR profiles. It is found that the z1% values calculated via Rrs‐derived IOPs are, on average, within ∼14% of the measured values, and similar results were obtained for depths of 10% and 50% of surface PAR. In comparison, however, the error was ∼33% when z1% is calculated via Rrs‐derived [Chl]. Further, the importance of deriving euphotic zone depth from satellite ocean‐color remote sensing is discussed.

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Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, v. 112, issue C3, art. C03009

Copyright 2007 by the American Geophysical Union.

Citation Information
ZhongPing Lee, Alan Weidemann, John Kindle, Robert Arnone, et al.. "Euphotic Zone Depth: Its Derivation and Implication to Ocean-Color Remote Sensing" Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans Vol. 112 Iss. C3 (2007)
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