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Firm ownership and productivity: A study of family and non-family SMEs
Small business economics
  • Frank Barbera, Bond University
  • Ken Moores, Bond University
Date of this Version
Document Type
Journal Article
Publication Details

Citation only.

Barbera, F., & Moores, K. (2011). Firm ownership and productivity: A study of family and non-family SMEs. Small business economics, 1-24.

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2011 HERDC submission. FoR code: 150304

© Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC., 2011

Motivated by a lack of consensus in the current literature, the objective of this paper is to reveal whether family firms are more or less productive than non-family firms. As a first step, this paper links family business research to the theoretical notion that family involvement has an effect on the factors of production from a productivity standpoint. Second, by using a Cobb–Douglas framework, we provide empirical evidence that family labour and capital indeed yield diverse output contributions compared with their non-family counterparts. In particular, family labour output contributions are significantly higher, and family capital output contributions significantly lower. Interestingly, differences in total factor productivity between family and non-family firms disappear when we allow for heterogeneous output contributions of family production inputs. These findings imply that the assumption of homogeneous labour and capital between family and non-family firms is inappropriate when estimating the production function.
Citation Information
Frank Barbera and Ken Moores. "Firm ownership and productivity: A study of family and non-family SMEs" Small business economics (2011) p. 1 - 24 ISSN: 0921-898X
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