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Gait and Balance in Adults with Friedreich's Ataxia
Gait and Posture (2015)
  • Jeannie Stephenson, University of Florida
  • Theresa Zesiewicz, University of South Florida
  • Clifton Gooch, University of South Florida
  • Lynn Wecker, University of South Florida
  • Kelly L. Sullivan, Georgia Southern University
  • Israt Jahan, University of South Florida
  • Seok Hun Kim, University of South Florida
Abstract
Friedreich's ataxia (FA) is an autosomal recessive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive muscle weakness and sensory loss, balance deficits, and gait ataxia. Gait and balance impairments become worse as the disease progresses, but limited research has quantitatively assessed these deficits in adults with FA. The purpose of this study was to analyze gait and balance in this population and investigate the relationship between these variables. Eight subjects with genetically confirmed FA (29.4 ± 9.0 years) and eight healthy, matched control subjects (29.6 ± 9.1 years) participated in this study. Spatiotemporal gait parameters were examined using the GAITRite Walkway System while balance was examined utilizing the Biodex Balance System SD and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). The FA group exhibited approximately 50% slower gait velocity and 32% shorter step and stride lengths compared to the control group for both comfortable and fast walking (p< 0.001). Further, stride length variability in the FA group was 3.4 and 2.7 times that of controls for comfortable and fast walking, respectively (p< 0.01). Subjects with FA took 72% longer to complete the limits of stability (LOS) test and attained an overall directional control score that was 50% that of controls (p< 0.05). Lastly, age at FA symptom onset correlated with stride length variability during fast walking (p< 0.05), and BBS and LOS test scores correlated with stride length variability during both comfortable and fast walking (p< 0.05). Results demonstrate that adults with FA have significantly impaired gait and balance and several measures of these impairments are correlated.
Keywords
  • Gait,
  • Balance,
  • Cerebellar ataxia,
  • Friedreich's ataxia
Disciplines
Publication Date
February, 2015
DOI
10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.01.002
Citation Information
Jeannie Stephenson, Theresa Zesiewicz, Clifton Gooch, Lynn Wecker, et al.. "Gait and Balance in Adults with Friedreich's Ataxia" Gait and Posture Vol. 41 Iss. 2 (2015) p. 603 - 607 ISSN: 0966-6362
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kelly_sullivan/86/