Skip to main content
Article
Practice Parameter: Treatment of Nonmotor Symptoms of Parkinson Disease
Neurology (2010)
  • Theresa A. Zesiewicz, University of South Florida
  • Kelly L. Sullivan, Georgia Southern University
  • I. Arnulf, Paris 6 University
  • K. R. Chaudhuri, King's College Hospital
  • J. C. Morgan, Medical College of Georgia
  • Gary S. Gronseth, University of Kansas
  • J. Miyasaki, University of Toronto
  • D. J. Iverson, Humboldt Neurological Medical Group, Inc.
  • William J. Weiner, University of Maryland
Abstract
Objective: Nonmotor symptoms (sleep dysfunction, sensory symptoms, autonomic dysfunction, mood disorders, and cognitive abnormalities) in Parkinson disease (PD) are a major cause of morbidity, yet are often underrecognized. This evidence-based practice parameter evaluates treatment options for the nonmotor symptoms of PD. Articles pertaining to cognitive and mood dysfunction in PD, as well as treatment of sialorrhea with botulinum toxin, were previously reviewed as part of American Academy of Neurology practice parameters and were not included here.

Methods: A literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index was performed to identify clinical trials in patients with nonmotor symptoms of PD published between 1966 and August 2008. Articles were classified according to a 4-tiered level of evidence scheme and recommendations were based on the level of evidence.

Results and Recommendations: Sildenafil citrate (50 mg) may be considered to treat erectile dysfunction in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) (Level C). Macrogol (polyethylene glycol) may be considered to treat constipation in patients with PD (Level C). The use of levodopa/carbidopa probably decreases the frequency of spontaneous nighttime leg movements, and should be considered to treat periodic limb movements of sleep in patients with PD (Level B). There is insufficient evidence to support or refute specific treatments for urinary incontinence, orthostatic hypotension, and anxiety (Level U). Future research should include concerted and interdisciplinary efforts toward finding treatments for nonmotor symptoms of PD.
Keywords
  • Nonmotor symptoms,
  • Parkinson's disease
Disciplines
Publication Date
March 16, 2010
DOI
10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181d55f24
Citation Information
Theresa A. Zesiewicz, Kelly L. Sullivan, I. Arnulf, K. R. Chaudhuri, et al.. "Practice Parameter: Treatment of Nonmotor Symptoms of Parkinson Disease" Neurology Vol. 74 Iss. 11 (2010) p. 924 - 931 ISSN: 1526-632X
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kelly_sullivan/20/