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Article
Do Characteristics of Walkable Environments Support Bicycling? Toward a Definition of Bicycle-Supported Development
Journal of Transport and Land Use
  • Christopher D. Muhs, Portland State University
  • Kelly Clifton, Portland State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2016
Subjects
  • Choice of transportation -- Research -- Oregon -- Portland Metropolitan Area,
  • Urban transportation -- Oregon -- Portland Metropolitan Area -- Evaluation,
  • Travel -- Research -- Oregon -- Portland Metropolitan Area
Abstract

Does walkability equate with bikeability? Through a comprehensive review of studies of the built environment and bicycling, including mode choice, route choice, safety, and urban design literature, this paper addresses this question. Previous work has raised the issue that the two modes are functionally different, despite them often being combined into a nonmotorized category, and has highlighted research challenges. Existing studies of bikeability have largely focused on infrastructure. This paper contributes to the literature on bicycling and the built environment by providing a thorough review of past research with a focus on the relationships between land use, urban form, and bicycling. Highly walkable and highly bikeable environments are quite different, and there is little consistency in the built-environment attributes associated with cycling across studies. We postulate that this inconsistency is due in part to a disconnect between theory and methods of measuring the environment for cycling along with data limitations, including sample sizes and our understanding being based mainly on cross-sectional data. Many research opportunities are present for land-use planning policies now that planning for cycling is a top priority for cities and regions across the world.

Description

Copyright 2016 Christopher D. Muhs & Kelly J. Clifton. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution – Noncommercial License 3.0

Article was published in Journal of Transport and Land Use, volume 9 no. 2 and is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.5198/jtlu.2015.727

DOI
10.5198/jtlu.2015.727
Persistent Identifier
http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/16610
Citation Information
Muhs, C. D., & Clifton, K. J. (2016). Do characteristics of walkable environments support bicycling? Toward a definition of bicycle-supported development. Journal of Transport and Land Use. Volume 9, No. 2.