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Article
A Joint Receiver Function and Gravity Study of Crustal Structure beneath the Incipient Okavango Rift, Botswana
Geophysical Research Letters
  • Youqiang Yu
  • Kelly H. Liu, Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • Cory A. Reed
  • Moikwathai Moidaki
  • Kevin Mickus
  • Estella A. Atekwana, Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • Stephen S. Gao, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Abstract

Rifting incorporates the fundamental processes concerning the breakup of continental lithosphere and plays a significant role in the formation and evolution of sedimentary basins. In order to decipher the characteristics of rifting at its earliest stage, we conduct the first teleseismic crustal study of one of the world's youngest continental rifts, the Okavango Rift Zone (ORZ), where the magma has not yet breached the surface. Results from receiver function stacking and gravity modeling indicate that the crust/mantle boundary beneath the ORZ is uplifted by 4-5 km, and the initiation of the ORZ is closely related to lithospheric stretching. Possible decompression melting of the subcrustal lithosphere occurs beneath the ORZ, as evidenced by a relatively low upper mantle density based on the gravity modeling.

Department(s)
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Research Center/Lab(s)
Center for High Performance Computing Research
Keywords and Phrases
  • Geologic Models,
  • Lithology,
  • Tectonics,
  • Botswana,
  • Continental Crusts,
  • Continental Rifting,
  • East African Rift,
  • Okavango Rift,
  • Structural Geology,
  • Continental Breakup,
  • Continental Crust,
  • Continental Lithosphere,
  • Crust-Mantle Boundary,
  • Crustal Structure,
  • Crustal Thinning,
  • Decompression,
  • Gravity,
  • Magma,
  • Melting,
  • Rifting,
  • Sedimentary Basin,
  • Shear,
  • Teleseismic Wave,
  • Uplift,
  • Upper Mantle,
  • Botswana,
  • East African Rift,
  • Okavango Rift Zone
Document Type
Article - Journal
Document Version
Final Version
File Type
text
Language(s)
English
Rights
© 2015 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, All rights reserved.
Publication Date
10-1-2015
Citation Information
Youqiang Yu, Kelly H. Liu, Cory A. Reed, Moikwathai Moidaki, et al.. "A Joint Receiver Function and Gravity Study of Crustal Structure beneath the Incipient Okavango Rift, Botswana" Geophysical Research Letters Vol. 42 Iss. 20 (2015) p. 8398 - 8405 ISSN: 0094-8276
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kelly-liu/9/