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Article
Determining Crustal Structure beneath Seismic Stations Overlying a Low-Velocity Sedimentary Layer using Receiver Functions
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
  • Youqiang Yu
  • Jianguo Song
  • Kelly H. Liu, Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • Stephen S. Gao, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Abstract

The receiver function (RF) technique has been widely applied to investigate crustal and mantle layered structures using P-to-S converted (Ps) phases from velocity discontinuities. However, the presence of low-velocity (relative to that of the bedrock) sediments can give rise to strong reverberations in the resulting RFs, frequently masking the Ps phases from crustal and mantle boundaries. Such reverberations are caused by P-to-S conversions and their multiples associated with the strong impedance contrast across the bottom of the low-velocity sedimentary layer. Here we propose and test an approach to effectively remove the near-surface reverberations and decipher the Ps phases associated with the Moho discontinuity. Autocorrelation is first applied on the observed RFs to determine the strength and two-way traveltime of the reverberations, which are then used to construct a resonance removal filter in the frequency domain to remove or significantly reduce the reverberations. The filtered RFs are time corrected to eliminate the delay effects of the sedimentary layer and applied to estimate the subsediment crustal thickness and VP/VSusing a H-k stacking procedure. The resulting subsediment crustal parameters (thickness and VP/VS) are subsequently used to determine the thickness and VP/VS of the sedimentary layer, using a revised version of the H-k stacking procedure. Testing using both synthetic and real data suggests that this computationally inexpensive technique is efficient in resolving subsediment crustal properties beneath stations sitting on a low-velocity sedimentary layer and can also satisfactorily determine the thickness and VP/VS of the sedimentary layer.

Department(s)
Geosciences and Geological and Petroleum Engineering
Research Center/Lab(s)
Center for High Performance Computing Research
Keywords and Phrases
  • Crustal Structure,
  • Crustal Thickness,
  • Moho,
  • P-Wave,
  • S-Wave,
  • Sedimentary Structure,
  • Seismic Velocity
Document Type
Article - Journal
Document Version
Final Version
File Type
text
Language(s)
English
Rights
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd, All rights reserved.
Publication Date
5-1-2015
Citation Information
Youqiang Yu, Jianguo Song, Kelly H. Liu and Stephen S. Gao. "Determining Crustal Structure beneath Seismic Stations Overlying a Low-Velocity Sedimentary Layer using Receiver Functions" Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth Vol. 120 Iss. 5 (2015) p. 3208 - 3218 ISSN: 2169-9313
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kelly-liu/28/