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About Keiko S Broomhead

Abstract
To better understand how a once well-intentioned concept of financial tuition assistance for college students has devolved into its current troubled and broken state, this doctoral thesis explored the evolution of the U.S. system of federal financial aid in higher education from a historical perspective. The study began with a review of the current state of the federal student aid system in U.S. higher education and then looked back at four key junctures in financial aid’s history to understand influences that shaped it to be what it is today. Using a historical research approach, this doctoral thesis examined the gray literature (Bucciarelli, 2012) -- reports, speeches, testimonies and other materials from three major educational professional associations -- coupled with congressional records, presidential remarks and speeches, and the popular media, for significant events and trends in the history of the U.S. system of financial aid in higher education from the establishment of the first federal student loans in 1958 to the present. To assist with identifying the context of key changes and potential casual connections, the causal model theory framed this study (Murphey, 1973). This examination of federal student aid’s history sought to contribute to existing scholarship and perspective as the nation tackles the contemporary concerns of the troubled student aid system with policy and practice reforms.
Keywords: student aid, financial aid, higher education, government, federal, history, merit-based, need-based, causal model, gray literature, non-profit organization, higher education association

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