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Within- and between-culture variation: Individual differences and the cultural logics of honor, face, and dignity cultures
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
  • Angela K.-Y. LEUNG, Singapore Management University
  • Dov COHEN, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Publication Type
Journal Article
Publication Date
3-2011
Abstract

The CuPS (Culture × Person × Situation) approach attempts to jointly consider culture and individual differences, without treating either as noise and without reducing one to the other. Culture is important because it helps define psychological situations and create meaningful clusters of behavior according to particular logics. Individual differences are important because individuals vary in the extent to which they endorse or reject a culture's ideals. Further, because different cultures are organized by different logics, individual differences mean something different in each. Central to these studies are concepts of honor-related violence and individual worth as being inalienable versus socially conferred. We illustrate our argument with 2 experiments involving participants from honor, face, and dignity cultures. The studies showed that the same “type” of person who was most helpful, honest, and likely to behave with integrity in one culture was the “type” of person least likely to do so in another culture. We discuss how CuPS can provide a rudimentary but integrated approach to understanding both within- and between-culture variation.

Keywords
  • between-culture variation,
  • culture,
  • dignity,
  • face,
  • honor,
  • individual differences,
  • within-culture variation
Identifier
10.1037/a0022151
Publisher
American Psychological Association
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Additional URL
http://doi.org/10.1037/a0022151
Comments

[SSCI2010 Impact Factor = 5.205]

Citation Information
Angela K.-Y. LEUNG and Dov COHEN. "Within- and between-culture variation: Individual differences and the cultural logics of honor, face, and dignity cultures" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Vol. 100 Iss. 3 (2011) p. 507 - 526 ISSN: 0022-3514
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kayeeangela_leung/29/