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Article
The Child Health Implications of Privatizing Africa's Urban Water Supply
Journal of Health Economics (2014)
  • Katrina Kosec, International Food Policy Research Institute
Abstract
Can private sector participation (PSP) in the piped water sector improve child health? I use child-level data from 39 African countries during 1986-2010 to show that PSP decreases diarrhea among urban-dwelling, under-five children by 2.6 percentage points, or 16% of its mean prevalence. Children from the poorest households benefit most. PSP is also associated with a 7.8 percentage point increase in school attendance of 7-17 year olds. Importantly, PSP increases usage of piped water by 9.7 percentage points, suggesting a possible causal channel explaining health improvements. To attribute causality, I exploit time-variation in the private water market share controlled by African countries' former colonizers. A placebo analysis reveals that PSP does not affect respiratory illness, nor does it affect a control group of rural children.
Publication Date
May, 2014
Citation Information
Katrina Kosec. "The Child Health Implications of Privatizing Africa's Urban Water Supply" Journal of Health Economics Vol. 35 (2014)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/katrina_kosec/9/