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Article
Factors Predicting Arrest for Homeless Persons Receiving Integrated Residential Treatment for Co-Occurring Disorders
Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health
  • Blake Barrett, University of South Florida
  • M. Scott Young, University of South Florida
  • Kathleen Moore, University of South Florida
  • Randy Borum, University of South Florida
  • E. Ochshorn, University of South Florida
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2009
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
https://doi.org/10.1002/cbm.742
Abstract

Background Homeless individuals are at increased risk for health and criminal justice problems. Aims The aim of this study was to examine risk factors affecting arrest rates in a cohort of homeless people with co-occurring psychiatric and substance-abuse disorders. Methods Baseline data were collected from 96 homeless individuals residing in a residential treatment facility for people with co-occurring disorders. Arrest data were obtained for 2 years following treatment intake. Regression analyses were employed to examine interactions between study variables. Results One third of the sample was arrested during the 2-year follow-up period, principally for drug offences. People referred to treatment directly from the criminal justice system were four times more likely to re-offend than those referred from other sources. Participants’ perceived need for mental-health services reduced risk of arrest while their perception of medical needs increased this risk. Conclusions The relationship between referral from a criminal justice source and re-arrest after admission to the treatment facility is unsurprising, and consistent with previous literature, but the suggestion of an independently increased risk in the presence of perceived physical health-care needs is worthy of further study. The lower risk of arrest for people who perceive that they have psychological needs is encouraging.

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, v. 19, issue 5, p. 291-297

Citation Information
Blake Barrett, M. Scott Young, Kathleen Moore, Randy Borum, et al.. "Factors Predicting Arrest for Homeless Persons Receiving Integrated Residential Treatment for Co-Occurring Disorders" Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health Vol. 19 Iss. 5 (2009) p. 291 - 297
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kathleen_moore/33/