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Article
Does Negative Affect Mediate the Relationship Between Daily PTSD Symptoms and Daily Alcohol Involvement in Female Rape Victims? Evidence from 14 Days of Interactive Voice Response Assessment
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
  • Amy Cohn, University of South Florida
  • Brett T Hagman, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
  • Kathleen A. Moore, University of South Florida
  • Jessica Mitchell, University of South Florida
  • Sarah Ehlke, University of North Carolina at Wilmington
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
3-1-2014
Keywords
  • PTSD,
  • alcohol,
  • daily diary,
  • interactive voice response,
  • negative affect,
  • rape
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
http://doi.org/10.1037/a0035725
Abstract

The negative reinforcement model of addiction posits that individuals may use alcohol to reduce negative affective (NA) distress. The current study investigated the mediating effect of daily NA on the relationship between daily PTSD symptoms and same-day and next-day alcohol involvement (consumption and desire to drink) in a sample of 54 non-treatment-seeking female rape victims who completed 14 days of interactive voice response assessment. The moderating effect of lifetime alcohol use disorder diagnosis (AUD) on daily relationships was also examined. Multilevel models suggested that NA mediated the relationship between PTSD and same-day, but not next-day alcohol involvement. NA was greater on days characterized by more severe PTSD symptoms, and alcohol consumption and desire to drink were greater on days characterized by higher NA. Furthermore, daily PTSD symptoms and NA were more strongly associated with same-day (but not next-day) alcohol consumption and desire to drink for women with an AUD than without. Results suggest that NA plays an important role in female rape victims’ daily alcohol use. Differences between women with and without an AUD indicate the need for treatment matching to subtypes of female rape victims.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, v. 28, issue 1, p. 114-126

©American Psychological Association, 2018. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: http://doi.org/10.1037/a0035725

Citation Information
Amy Cohn, Brett T Hagman, Kathleen A. Moore, Jessica Mitchell, et al.. "Does Negative Affect Mediate the Relationship Between Daily PTSD Symptoms and Daily Alcohol Involvement in Female Rape Victims? Evidence from 14 Days of Interactive Voice Response Assessment" Psychology of Addictive Behaviors Vol. 28 Iss. 1 (2014) p. 114 - 126
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kathleen_moore/25/