The N-terminal 146 residues of apolipoprotein (apo) A-V adopt a helix bundle conformation in the absence of lipid. Because similarly sized truncation mutants in human subjects correlate with severe hypertriglyceridemia, the lipid binding properties of apoA-V(1-146) were studied. Upon incubation with phospholipid in vitro, apoA-V(1-146) forms reconstituted high density lipoproteins 15-17 nm in diameter. Far UV circular dichroism spectroscopy analyses of lipid-bound apoA-V(1-146) yielded an a-helix secondary structure content of 60%. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy analysis revealed that apoAV(1-146) a-helix segments align perpendicular with respect to particle phospholipid fatty acyl chains. Fluorescence spectroscopy of single Trp variant apoA-V(1-146) indicates that lipid interaction is accompanied by a conformational change. The data are consistent with a model wherein apoA-V( 1-146) a-helices circumscribe the perimeter of a disk-shaped bilayer. The ability of apoA-V(1-146) to solubilize dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine vesicles at a rate faster than full-length apoA-V suggests that Nand C-terminal interactions in the full-length protein modulate its lipid binding properties. Preferential association of apoA-V(1-146) with murine plasma HDL, but not with VLDL, suggests that particle size is a determinant of its lipoprotein binding specificity. It may be concluded that defective lipoprotein binding of truncated apoA-V contributes to the hypertriglyceridemia phenotype associated with truncation mutations in human subjects.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kasuen_mauldin/2/