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The Effects of Familiarity and Audiovisual Stimuli on Preference for Classical Music
Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education
  • Karla R. Hamlen, Cleveland State University
  • Thomas J. Shuell, SUNY Buffalo
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This study examined the impact of visual material on students' attitudes toward traditional music genres. Eight classes of 7th-grade students listened to 12 classical music excerpts, either with or without audiovisual stimuli. Students rated both their familiarity with and preference for each excerpt. A significant relationship between familiarity and preference was found. Presenting a video clip along with the music resulted in higher ratings of both familiarity and preference compared to audio-only, although the difference in preference was not statistically significant when familiarity was controlled. Among the three types of video presentations used in the study—unrelated, related, and performing ensemble—the unrelated-video condition is the only one for which the audiovisual group preferred the music more than the audio-only group.
Citation Information
Hamlen, K. R., & Shuell, T. J. (2006). The effects of familiarity and audiovisual stimuli on preference for classical music. Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, 168, 21-34.