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Characteristics and Perceptions of 4-H Participants: Gender and Age Differences across Adolescence
Journal of Extension (2011)
  • Karin Bartoszuk, East Tennessee State University
  • Brandy A. Randall, North Dakota State University--Fargo
The study reported here examined 367 adolescent 4-H participants in terms of demographic, psychological, behavioral, and relational characteristics, as well as their perceptions and experiences in 4-H. Overall, participants scored high on all outcome variables except having a diverse population in their club. Older participants were more optimistic, participated in more deviant behaviors, and were more satisfied with their 4-H experiences in comparison to younger participants. In comparison to boys, girls appeared to be healthier in regards to psychological characteristics, positive behaviors, and relationships with peers and other adults and were more satisfied with their 4-H experiences
  • 4-H,
  • characteristics of participants,
  • perception of 4-H,
  • age and gender differences
Publication Date
June 1, 2011
Publisher Statement
To support Journal of Extension (JOE) authors in their scholarly commitment to share intellectual, creative work with peers, the Extension Journal, Inc. board of directors endorses institutional archiving of JOE articles. The editor granted permission to deposit the published PDF version of the article.
Citation Information
Bartoszuk, K. & Randall, B. (2011). Characteristics and perceptions of 4-H participants: Gender and age differences across adolescence. Journal of Extension [On-line], 49(3) Article 3FEA6. Link to Full Text: