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Clapper rails as indicators of mercury and PCB bioavailability in a Georgia saltmarsh system
Ecotoxicology (2008)
  • James C. Cumbee, Jr., University of Georgia
  • Karen F. Gaines, Eastern Illinois University
  • Gary L. Mills, University of Georgia
  • N. Garvin
  • Warren L. Stephens, Jr., University of Georgia
  • James N. Novak, Eastern Illinois University
  • I. L. Brisbin, Jr., University of Georgia

Clapper rails (Rallus longirostris) were used as an indicator species of estuarine marsh habitat quality because of their strong site fidelity and predictable diet consisting of mostly benthic organisms. Mercury (Hg) and the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) Aroclor 1268 concentrations were determined for sediments, crabs, as well as clapper rail adults and chicks collected from salt marshes associated with the LCP Superfund site in Brunswick, Georgia. Home ranges were established for adult rails, and sediment and crab samples were taken from each individual’s range. The study was designed to minimize the spatial variability associated with trophic transfer studies by choosing an endpoint species with a potentially small home range and specifically sampling its foraging range. The mean home range for clapper rails was 1.2 ha with a median of 0.28 ha. Concentrations of Hg and Aroclor 1268 were shown to increase with each trophic level. Transfer factors between media followed the same pattern for both contaminants with the highest between fiddler crabs and clapper rail liver. Hg and PCB transfer factors were similar between sediment to fiddler crab and fiddler crab to muscle, however the PCB transfer factor from fiddler crabs to liver was over twice as large as for Hg. PCB congener profiles did not significantly differ between media types.

  • Aroclor 1268,
  • Clapper rail,
  • Mercury,
  • PCB,
  • Superfund,
  • Trophic transfer
Publication Date
Publisher Statement
This research was originally published in Ecotoxicology DOI 10.1007/s10646-008-0202-4
Citation Information
James C. Cumbee, Karen F. Gaines, Gary L. Mills, N. Garvin, et al.. "Clapper rails as indicators of mercury and PCB bioavailability in a Georgia saltmarsh system" Ecotoxicology Vol. 17 (2008)
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