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Article
The defeat-entrapment theory versus Beck’s hopelessness theory of depression and suicidality: A cross-national analysis in Iran and the United States
International Journal of Social Psychiatry (2015)
  • Mahdieh Tarsafi
  • Seyed Mohammad, Kalantarkousheh, دکتر سید محمد کلانتر کوشه
  • David Lester, The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
Abstract

Background: The defeat-entrapment theory has been proposed to explain both depression and suicidal behavior. Methods: Measures of defeat, entrapment, hopelessness and depression were administered to Iranian and American students. Results: Scores on measures of hopelessness, defeat, entrapment and depression were strongly associated. In both nations, scores for defeat and entrapment were stronger predictors of past suicidal ideation and attempted suicide. Overall, the Iranian respondents had higher scores on the measures of defeat, entrapment, hopelessness and depression, but less often reported prior suicidal ideation. Conclusion: The defeat-entrapment theory of depression and suicidal behavior appears to have validity in both Iran and America.

Keywords
  • Depression,
  • defeat,
  • entrapment,
  • hopelessness
Publication Date
Spring April 14, 2015
Citation Information
Mahdieh Tarsafi, Seyed Mohammad, Kalantarkousheh, دکتر سید محمد کلانتر کوشه and David Lester. "The defeat-entrapment theory versus Beck’s hopelessness theory of depression and suicidality: A cross-national analysis in Iran and the United States" International Journal of Social Psychiatry (2015)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/kalantar/35/