This study intended to examine the relationship between cognitive hardiness against life stresses and coping styles with an emphasis on gender differences. A descriptive research method was used. The population is comprised of teachers from different educational are as of Tehran, Iran.There were 141 subjects:41 males and 100 females. We used the following questionnaires: Stressful Life Events Screening Questionnaire (SLESQ), Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) and Ahvaz Hardiness Inventory(AHI). For data analysis, the Pearson correlation test, independent t-test, and multiple regression analysis were performed. The results showed a significant positive relationship between hardiness, coping ability, and life stress. Thus, an increase in psychological hardiness would result in the increase of task-oriented coping ability. On the other hand, there is a negative relationship between hardiness and emotion-oriented coping style. The results also showed that men deal with problems using task-oriented and avoidance-oriented coping styles, while emotion-oriented coping is used by women. No significant difference was noted between men and women according to hardiness. The findings indicated the effect of individuals’ hardiness on their employment of an effective coping style in dealing with life events and stresses, so that the findings can be used in the fields of counseling and therapy.
- Coping style,
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