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Article
First-Principles Study of Mn, Al and C Distribution and Their Effect on Stacking Fault Energies in Fcc Fe
Journal of Alloys and Compounds
  • N. I. Medvedeva
  • M. S. Park
  • David C. Van Aken, Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • Julia E. Medvedeva, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Abstract

Using ab initio simulation of manganese, aluminum and carbon impurities in fcc Fe, we demonstrated the features in their distribution, which involves repulsion of interstitial carbon atoms, formation of Mn-C pairs as well as short range Al-ordering of the D03-type. We modeled the formation of stacking faults (SF) and analyzed the impurity effect on the intrinsic stacking fault energy (SFE), which controls the plasticity mechanism in austenitic alloys. First, we found that impurities have an influence on the SFE only when they are located within a few atomic layers near a stacking fault. As a result, the SFE is highly sensitive to the concentration of impurities in the vicinity of stacking fault defect. Aluminum and carbon as well as manganese for concentrations higher than 15 at.% increase the SFE, while the formation of Mn-C pairs and Al-ordering restrain the SFE growth. Short range Al-ordering strongly decreases the unstable stacking fault energy (USFE) making the formation of the stacking fault much easier, but does not affect the SFE that can explain the observed planar glide deformation before the occurrence of mechanical twinning regardless of the SFE.

Department(s)
Materials Science and Engineering
Second Department
Physics
Research Center/Lab(s)
Center for High Performance Computing Research
Keywords and Phrases
  • ab initio electron theory,
  • Iron alloys,
  • Lattice defects,
  • Stacking faults
Document Type
Article - Journal
Document Version
Citation
File Type
text
Language(s)
English
Rights
© 2014 Elsevier, All rights reserved.
Publication Date
1-1-2014
Citation Information
N. I. Medvedeva, M. S. Park, David C. Van Aken and Julia E. Medvedeva. "First-Principles Study of Mn, Al and C Distribution and Their Effect on Stacking Fault Energies in Fcc Fe" Journal of Alloys and Compounds Vol. 582 (2014) p. 475 - 482 ISSN: 9258388
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/julia-medvedeva/36/