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Measuring In-Group and Out-Group Helping in Communal Living: Helping and Substance Abuse Recovery
Journal of Groups in Addiction (2009)
  • Judah J Viola, National-Louis University
  • Joseph R Ferrari, DePaul University
  • Margaret I Davis, Dickinson College
  • Leonard A Jason, DePaul University
Abstract
With a national U.S. sample of communal-living residents in substance abuse recovery, the tendency to help members both inside and outside their community was examined. Study 1 (n = 670) developed the Communal Living In-Group Helping Scale to distinguish helping directed toward housemates vs. others. Study 2 (n = 419) used this communal helping measure and a general altruism scale to explore gender, ethnicity, and 12-step sponsorship related to in-group (housemates) and out-group (others in the community) behaviors. Results revealed significant sex differences, and significantly higher helping for both men and women was reported among 12-step sponsors along two dimensions. Implications focused on gender-related differences in social helping interactions and in-group formation in recovery communities.
Keywords
  • Recovery,
  • Addiction,
  • Oxford House,
  • Community Psychology,
  • Substance Abuse,
  • Aftercare,
  • Helping,
  • communal living,
  • helping behavior,
  • helping,
  • mutual help,
  • self-help,
  • mutual aid,
  • in-group
Publication Date
2009
Citation Information
Judah J Viola, Joseph R Ferrari, Margaret I Davis and Leonard A Jason. "Measuring In-Group and Out-Group Helping in Communal Living: Helping and Substance Abuse Recovery" Journal of Groups in Addiction Vol. 4 Iss. 1-2 (2009)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/judah_viola/3/