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Article
Reef Coral Reproduction in the Equatorial Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica, Panamá, and the Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). VII. Siderastreidae, Psammocora stellata and Psammocora profundacella
Marine Biology
  • Peter W. Glynn, University of Miami
  • Susan B. Colley, Louisiana Office of Coastal Protection and Restoration
  • J. L. Mate, Smithsonian Institution
  • Iliana B. Baums, Pennsylvania State University
  • Joshua S. Feingold, Nova Southeastern University
  • J. Cortes, Centro de Investigacion en Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia - Costa Rica; Universidad de Costa Rica - San Jose
  • Hector M. Guzman, Smithsonian Institution
  • J. C. Afflerbach, University of Miami
  • V. W. Brandtneris, University of Miami
  • Jerald Ault, University of Miami
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
9-1-2012
Peer Reviewed
1
Abstract
Two zooxanthellate, scleractinian species present in the equatorial eastern Pacific, Psammocora stellata and Psammocora profundacella, were examined in terms of their reproductive biology and ecology at four study sites, non-upwelling (Caño Island, Costa Rica, and Uva Island, Panamá), upwelling (Gulf of Panamá, Panamá), and seasonally varying thermal environments (Galápagos Islands). Both species were gonochoric broadcast spawners lacking zooxanthellae in mature ova. Mature gametes and spawned gonads are present around full moon; however, no spawning was observed naturally or in outdoor aquaria. Mature gametes occurred in P. stellata at Caño Island for nearly 6 months, and year round at Uva Island, both non-upwelling sites. Reproductively active colonies occurred mostly in the warmer months in the Gulf of Panamá and Galápagos Islands. In the Galápagos Islands, where collecting effort was greatest for P. profundacella, mature gametes were also most prevalent during the warm season. Annual fecundity was high in both species, 1.3–1.8 × 104 ova cm−2 year−1 in P. stellata and 1.2–2.0 × 104 ova cm−2 year−1 in P. profundacella. Compared to other eastern Pacific corals, P. stellata was relatively resistant to ENSO-related bleaching and mortality, especially populations inhabiting deep (12–20 m) coral communities. Rapid recovery and persistence of Psammocora spp. can be attributed to several factors: (a) relative resistance to bleaching, (b) deep refuge populations, (c) broadcast spawning, (d) protracted seasonal reproduction, (e) high fecundity, and (f) asexual propagation.
Comments

©Springer-Verlag 2012

Additional Comments
NSF grant #: OCE-0526361
DOI
10.1007/s00227-012-1979-5
Citation Information
Peter W. Glynn, Susan B. Colley, J. L. Mate, Iliana B. Baums, et al.. "Reef Coral Reproduction in the Equatorial Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica, Panamá, and the Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). VII. Siderastreidae, Psammocora stellata and Psammocora profundacella" Marine Biology Vol. 159 Iss. 9 (2012) p. 1917 - 1932 ISSN: 0025-3162
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/joshua-feingold/20/