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Article
Temperature and Human Capital in the Short- and Long-Run
Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (2018)
  • Joshua Graff Zivin, University of California, San Diego
  • Solomon Hsiang, university of california, berkeley
  • Matthew Neidell, Columbia University
Abstract
We provide the first estimates of the potential impact of climate change on cognitive performance and attainment, focusing on the impacts from both short-run weather and long-run climate. Exploiting the longitudinal structure of the NLSY79 and random fluctuations in weather across interviews, we identify the effect of temperature in models with child-specific fixed effects. We find that short-run changes in temperature lead to statistically significant decreases in cognitive performance on math (but not reading) beyond 26C (78.8F). In contrast, our long-run analysis, which relies upon long-difference and rich cross-sectional models, reveals an imprecisely estimated effect that is significantly smaller than the short-run relationship between climate and human capital.
Disciplines
Publication Date
2018
Citation Information
Joshua Graff Zivin, Solomon Hsiang and Matthew Neidell. "Temperature and Human Capital in the Short- and Long-Run" Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists Vol. 5 (2018) p. 77 - 105
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/josh_graffzivin/82/