Farm structure, market structure and agricultural sustainability goals: The case of New York State dairyingAmerican Journal of Alternative Agriculture (1997)
AbstractThis paper explores issues of agricultural sustainability in relation to arguments to sustain the family labor farm and the theoretical justification for the recent increase in smallerscale milk processors and differentiated dairy product markets. Using a population of New York State dairy farm households, we identified farm structural variables that influence farmers' use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers and their consideration of intensive rotational grazing. Milk sales, division of hired labor on the farm, and ownership arrangements are found to be interrelated and predict relative use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers within a “conventional” confinement feeding system. Marketing strategies predict production practices within a confinement feeding system less reliably but do predict whether the farm has considered adopting an intensive grazing system. Farms that have higher saks, that use hired labor more extensively, and that are not single family operations are more likely to use chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Farms that sell to differentiated markets are more likely to look favorably on an eventual switch to an intensive rotational grazing system.
- sustainable agricultupesticides; niche markets; craft production; mass production; rotational grazing
Citation InformationJoseph Richard Welsh and Thomas Lyson. "Farm structure, market structure and agricultural sustainability goals: The case of New York State dairying" American Journal of Alternative Agriculture Vol. 12 (1997)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/joseph_welsh/19/