This text is intended for people who already possess knowledge of either veterinary or human anatomy. To assist communication among human rehabilitation and veterinary colleagues, some anatomical terms used for dogs will appear in regular print with the analogous terminology for humans in parentheses following the canine term. These comparisons have been minimized, as this is a chapter about canine anatomy and not a chapter about comparative anatomy. Comparative anatomy between dogs and humans has been described in other sources.
We have chosen to use some terms consistently throughout the chapter, rather than use equally acceptable synonyms. The canine forelimb is known also as the thoracic limb and the pectoral limb, but we will use the term forelimb. The canine hindlimb is known also as the pelvic limb or rear limb, but we will use the term hindlimb. Because the term foot can be interpreted as a front foot or a hind foot, the term foot will be clarified when used or specified as forepaw or manus or hindpaw or pes. The terms trunk, neck, and head refer to the same body segments in dogs and humans. The word canine is an adjective and the word dog is a noun; these terms will be used in this consistent grammatical form throughout the chapter.
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