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Contribution to Book
Geochemistry of the Amazon estuary.
Faculty Publications
  • Joseph M. Smoak
  • James M. Krest
  • Peter A. Swarzenski
SelectedWorks Author Profiles:

Joseph M. Smoak

Document Type
Book Chapter
Publication Date
2006
Date Issued
January 2006
Date Available
January 2012
Abstract
The Amazon River supplies more freshwater to the ocean than any other river in the world. This enormous volume of freshwater forces the estuarine mixing out of the river channel and onto the continental shelf. On the continental shelf, the estuarine mixing occurs in a very dynamic environment unlike that of a typical estuary. The tides, the wind, and the boundary current that sweeps the continental shelf have a pronounced influence on the chemical and biological processes occurring within the estuary. The dynamic environment, along with the enormous supply of water, solutes and particles makes the Amazon estuary unique. This chapter describes the unique features of the Amazon estuary and how these features influence the processes occurring within the estuary. Examined are the supply and cycling of major and minor elements, and the use of naturally occurring radionuclides to trace processes including water movement, scavenging, sediment-water interaction, and sediment accumulation rates. The biogeochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, and the significances of the Amazon estuary in the global mass balance of these elements are examined.
Comments
Abstract only. Full-text chapter is available only through licensed access provided by the publisher. Published in P. J. Wangersky (Ed.), Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 5, Part H, (pp: 71-90). Berlin: Springer. doi 10.1007/698_5_029
Language
en_US
Publisher
Springer
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Citation Information
Smoak, J.M., Krest, J.M. & Swarzenski, P.W. (2006). Geochemistry of the Amazon estuary. In P. J. Wangersky (Ed.), Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 5, Part H, (pp: 71-90). Berlin: Springer. doi 10.1007/698_5_029