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Significant Capacity and Cycle-Life Improvement of Lithium-Ion Batteries through Ultrathin Conductive Film Stabilized Cathode Particles
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works
  • Rajankumar L. Patel
  • Hui Xie
  • Jonghyun Park, Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • Hooman Yaghoobnejad Asl
  • Amitava Choudhury, Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • Xinhua Liang, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Abstract

Atomic layer deposition (ALD), as a thin film deposition technique, has been explored as a viable path to improve the performance of lithium-ion batteries. However, a trade-off between the species transport (capacity) and protection (lifetime), resulting from the insulating properties of ALD films, is the key challenge in ALD technology. Here we report a breakthrough to overcome this trade-off by coating an ultrathin conformal cerium dioxide (CeO2) film on the surfaces of LiMn2O4 particles. The optimized CeO2 film (≈3 nm) coated particles exhibit a significant improvement in capacity and cycling performance compared to uncoated (UC), Al2O3 coated, and ZrO2 coated samples at room temperature and 55 °C for long cycling numbers. The initial capacity of the 3 nm CeO2-coated sample shows 24% increment compared to the capacity of the uncoated one, and 96% and 95% of the initial capacity is retained after 1000 cycles with 1C rate at room temperature and 55 °C, respectively. The detailed electrochemical data reveal that the suppression of the impedance rise and the facile transport of the species are the main contributors to the success. CeO2 films are conformally coated on LiMn2O4 particles by atomic layer deposition (ALD). The optimized CeO2 film (≈3 nm) coated particles exhibit significantly higher initial capacity and much better stability than the uncoated samples, and ZrO2 and Al2O3 ALD coated samples. The detailed electrochemical data reveal that the suppression of the impedance rise and the facile transport of the species are the main contributors to the success.

Department(s)
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Second Department
Chemistry
Third Department
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Research Center/Lab(s)
Center for High Performance Computing Research
Keywords and Phrases
  • atomic layer deposition,
  • cathode,
  • cerium dioxide,
  • conductive,
  • lithium-ion battery
Document Type
Article - Journal
Document Version
Citation
File Type
text
Language(s)
English
Rights
© 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag, All rights reserved.
Publication Date
5-1-2015
Citation Information
Rajankumar L. Patel, Hui Xie, Jonghyun Park, Hooman Yaghoobnejad Asl, et al.. "Significant Capacity and Cycle-Life Improvement of Lithium-Ion Batteries through Ultrathin Conductive Film Stabilized Cathode Particles" Vol. 2 Iss. 8 (2015) ISSN: 2196-7350
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jonghyun-park/3/