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Article
Reactivity and Distortions in the Self: Narcissism, Types of Aggression, and the Functioning of the Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Adrenal Axis During Early Adolescence
Development and Psychopathology
  • William M. Bukowski, Concordia University
  • Alex Schwartzman, Concordia University
  • Jonathan Bruce Santo, University of Nebraska at Omaha
  • Catherine Bagwell, University of Richmond
  • Ryan Adams, University of Cincinnati - Main Campus
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
11-1-2009
Abstract
A multisample, multistudy project aimed at understanding how individual differences in narcissism during early adolescence are related to distortions in the aggression, and the reactivity of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis to negative and positive experiences. The findings indicate that individual differences in narcissism are a remarkably stable aspect of personality during early adolescence. It is predictably related to an inflated view of the self that is not warranted by objective indices of social functioning. Further evidence shows that it promotes the continuity of aggressive behavior and is more strongly related to reactive aggression than to proactive aggression and more strongly related to relational aggression than to physical aggression. Finally, there is evidence that distortions in the self may derive from the inadequate functioning of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, one of the body’s main response system for dealing with stress. These findings are discussed in terms of the processes by which early adolescents react to threats and arousal in their daily functioning.
Comments

Bukowski, W.M., Schwartzman, A., Santo, J.B., Bagwell, C. & Adams, R. (2009). Reactivity and distortions in the self: Narcissism, types of aggression, and the functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis during early adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 21(4): 1249-1262. © 2009 Cambridge University Press.

The original version of this article can be found at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=DPP.

Citation Information
William M. Bukowski, Alex Schwartzman, Jonathan Bruce Santo, Catherine Bagwell, et al.. "Reactivity and Distortions in the Self: Narcissism, Types of Aggression, and the Functioning of the Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Adrenal Axis During Early Adolescence" Development and Psychopathology Vol. 21 Iss. 4 (2009) p. 1249 - 1262
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jonathan_santo/12/