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Porous Wood Monoliths Decorated with Platinum Nano-Urchins as Catalysts for Underwater Micro-Vehicle Propulsion via H2O2 Decomposition
ACS Applied Nano Materials
  • Bolin Chen, Iowa State University
  • Ahmed Gsalla, Iowa State University
  • Anand Gaur, Iowa State University
  • Yu Hui Lui, Iowa State University
  • Xiaohui Tang, Iowa State University
  • Jason Geder, United States Naval Research Laboratory
  • Marius Pruessner, United States Naval Research Laboratory
  • Brian J. Melde, United States Naval Research Laboratory
  • Igor L. Medintz, United States Naval Research Laboratory
  • Behrouz Shafei, Iowa State University
  • Shan Hu, Iowa State University
  • Jonathan C. Claussen, Iowa State University
Document Type
Publication Version
Accepted Manuscript
Publication Date

Porous carbon is becoming an important and promising high-surface area scaffold material for various energy-based applications including catalysis. Here we demonstrate the growth of urchin-like platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) on carbon monoliths derived from basswood that work as catalysts for micro underwater vehicle (MUV) propulsion via H2O2 decomposition. The carbon monoliths were constructed of natural basswood that was carbonized in argon (Ar) and subjected to a subsequent CO2 activation process that rendered the material into a hardened 3D porous activated carbonized wood (ACW) with inner channel voids measuring 10-70 μm in diameter. The PtNP nanourchins (500 nm or less in total diameter, with individual nanospikes measuring 3-5 nm in diameter) form on the ACW via a facile electroless and template-free chemical deposition approach that utilized the reduction of chloroplatinic acid. The developed PtNP-ACW hybrid material exhibited higher catalytic efficiency as compared to previously reported platinum (Pt) catalysts with a low activation energy of 18.9 ± 2.5 kJ mol-1 for H2O2 decomposition. The catalyst also proved useful in an important energy application by its ability to rapidly decompose H2O2 fuel and generate O2 gas for propulsion of a 3D printed MUV prototype. The PtNP-ACW catalysts weighing only 0.14 g generated a propulsion thrust of 230 mN, which is sufficient to power MUVs. The natural wood derived carbon scaffolds significantly reduce the overall cost as compared to other carbon-based catalysts such as carbon nanotubes or graphene without reducing catalytic efficiency. Hence such catalysts act as a stepping stone for potential low cost and sustainable power for burst thrust operation of MUVs.


This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in ACS Applied Nano Materials after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.9b00593.

Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
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Citation Information
Bolin Chen, Ahmed Gsalla, Anand Gaur, Yu Hui Lui, et al.. "Porous Wood Monoliths Decorated with Platinum Nano-Urchins as Catalysts for Underwater Micro-Vehicle Propulsion via H2O2 Decomposition" ACS Applied Nano Materials (2019)
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