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Article
A GIS Typology to Locate Sites of Submarine Groundwater Discharge
Biology Faculty Publications
  • John Rapaglia, Sacred Heart University
  • Carley Grant, Sacred Heart University
  • Henry Bokuniewicz, SUNY Stony Brook
  • Tsvi Pick, SUNY Stony Brook
  • Jan Scholten
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
7-1-2015
Abstract
Although many researchers agree on the importance of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD), it remains difficult to locate and quantify this process. A groundwater typology was developed based on local digital elevation models and compared to concurrent radon mapping indicative of SGD in the Niantic River, CT USA. Areas of high radon activity were located near areas of high flow accumulation lending evidence to the utility of this approach to locate SGD. The benefits of this approach are three-fold: fresh terrestrial SGD may be quickly located through widely-available digital elevation models at little or no cost to the investigator; fresh SGD may also be quantified through the GIS approach by multiplying pixelated flow accumulation with the expected annual recharge; and, as these data necessarily quantify only fresh SGD, a comparison of these data with SGD as calculated by Rn activity may allow for the separation of the fresh and circulated fractions of SGD. This exercise was completed for the Niantic River where SGD as calculated by the GIS model is 1.2 m3/s, SGD as calculated by Rn activity is 0.73–5.5 m3/s, and SGD as calculated via a theoretical approach is 1.8–4.3 m3/s. Therefore fresh, terrestrial SGD accounts for 22–100% of total SGD in the Niantic River.
DOI
10.1016/j.jenvrad.2015.03.016
Citation Information
Rapaglia, John et al. "A GIS Typology to Locate Sites of Submarine Groundwater Discharge." Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 145 (2015): 10-18.