Even after more than fifty years of independence, corruption remains one of the most important obstacles to the improvement of the human condition in Africa. In recognition of corruption’s role in poverty and underdevelopment in Africa, African countries have adopted the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption to serve as a legal tool to fight corruption and its deleterious effects on development efforts in the continent. Additionally, African countries have become Signatory Parties to other anti-corruption conventions, including the United Nations Convention Against Corruption, with the expectation that these conventions will help them in their efforts to deal effectively and fully with this important development constraint. This paper argues that the success of any anti-corruption scheme in Africa will be determined, to a great extent, by the strength, efficiency, and efficacy of national institutional and judicial frameworks. Thus, the most important first step in effectively dealing with corruption in Africa must be the reconstruction and reconstitution of the post-colonial state through democratic constitution making to provide each country with institutional and judicial systems that adequately constrain civil servants and politicians and prevent them from carrying out their duties arbitrarily and capriciously and from behaving with impunity.
- COMBATING CORRUPTION,
- ANT-CORRUPTION SCHEME,
- AU CONVENTION
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/john_mbaku/2/