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When Does Employee Turnover Matter? Dynamic Member Configurations, Productive Capacity, and Collective Performance
Articles and Chapters
  • John Hausknecht, Cornell University
  • Jacob A Holwerda, Cornell University
Publication Date
1-1-2013
Abstract
In theory, employee turnover has important consequences for groups, work units, and organizations. However, past research has not revealed consistent empirical support for a relationship between aggregate levels of turnover and performance outcomes. In this paper, we present a novel conceptualization of turnover to explain when, why, and how it affects important outcomes. We suggest that greater attention to five characteristics—leaver proficiencies, time dispersion, positional distribution, remaining member proficiencies, and newcomer proficiencies—will reveal dynamic member configurations that predictably influence productive capacity and collective performance. We describe and illustrate the five properties, explain how particular member configurations exacerbate or diminish turnover’s effects, and present a new measurement approach that captures these characteristics in a collective context and over time.
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Required Publisher Statement
© INFORMS. Final version published as: Hausknecht, J. P., & Holwerda, J. A. (2013). When does employee turnover matter? Dynamic member configurations, productive capacity, and collective performance [Electronic version]. Organization Science, 24(1), 210-225.
doi: abs/10.1287/orsc.1110.0720
Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.

Suggested Citation
Hausknecht, J. P., & Holwerda, J. A. (2013). When does employee turnover matter? Dynamic member configurations, productive capacity, and collective performance [Electronic version]. Retrieved [insert date], from Cornell University, ILR School site: http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/articles/1175

Citation Information
John Hausknecht and Jacob A Holwerda. "When Does Employee Turnover Matter? Dynamic Member Configurations, Productive Capacity, and Collective Performance" (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/john_hausknecht/14/