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Rape myth acceptance: A comparison of military service academy and civilian fraternity and sorority students
Military Psychology (2016)
  • Marjorie H Carroll, United States Military Academy
  • Judith Rosenstein, United States Naval Academy
  • John D. Foubert, Oklahoma State University - Main Campus
  • M. Diane Clark, Gallaudet University
  • Lisa Korenman, United States Military Academy
Abstract
Although both the military and fraternities have been theorized to be characterized by
norms and attitudes that serve to legitimize violence against women, no previous work has
examined the potential similarity and differences in rape-supportive beliefs of these 2
environments or the people drawn to them. Further, the belief systems of women within
these organizations have received little attention. As such, the current study sought to serve
as an initial exploration of the rape-supportive belief systems of people drawn to these
groups. Participants were recruited from students entering 2 military service academies
(U.S. Military Academy, n 1,169, 1,003 men, 166 women; U.S. Naval Academy, n
1,916, 1,551 men, 365 women) and fraternities and sororities at a Midwestern university
(n 393, 188 men, 205 women). All participants completed the Illinois Rape Myth
Acceptance Scale–Short Form. Consistent with previous findings related to gender, men
were more accepting of rape myths than women. Further, there was more variability in the
levels of rape myth acceptance among military service academy and fraternity men than
among military service academy and sorority women. Although across all groups the
women expressed significantly lower levels of rape myth acceptance than the men, women
and men from the United States Military Academy were more closely aligned in their
beliefs than women and men from the other samples. Implications for sexual assault
prevention education are discussed.
Keywords
  • rape myth acceptance,
  • military,
  • fraternities and sororities,
  • gender difference
Publication Date
Spring April, 2016
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/mil0000113
Citation Information
Marjorie H Carroll, Judith Rosenstein, John D. Foubert, M. Diane Clark, et al.. "Rape myth acceptance: A comparison of military service academy and civilian fraternity and sorority students" Military Psychology Vol. 28 Iss. 5 (2016) p. 306 - 317
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/john_foubert/64/