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Presentation
Deep Structure and Smart Mechanisms: Designing Perspicacious Systems
Proceedings of the ASME 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis--2012
  • John M. Flach, Wright State University - Main Campus
Document Type
Conference Proceeding
Publication Date
7-1-2012
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Abstract
A fundamental challenge in the design of any cognitive system is to support productive thinking and efficient control. Research shows that human problem solving can be greatly enhanced using representations that reflect the deep structure of problems. Further, research on human action shows that selectively constraining degrees of freedom can improve both speed and accuracy of performance. This talk will discuss how these two insights from the basic research literature can be incorporated into work analysis and interface design to enhance performance of cognitive systems. The goal is to design interfaces so that the deep structure of the problem is well mapped to the opportunities for action. A major challenge is to operationalize the basic constructs of deep structure and smart mechanism in terms of specific work domains. Examples from the medical and aviation domains will be used to illustrate how this challenge is being met.
Comments

Presented at the American Society of Mechanical Engineers' 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, Nantes, France, July 2-4, 2012.

DOI
10.1115/ESDA2012-83015
Citation Information
John M. Flach. "Deep Structure and Smart Mechanisms: Designing Perspicacious Systems" Proceedings of the ASME 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis--2012 Vol. 2 (2012) p. 897 - 905 ISSN: 9780791844847
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/john_flach/81/