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Presentation
Using Videotaped Cases to Elicit Perceptual Expertise in Laparoscopic Surgery
Third Annual Symposium on Human Interaction with Complex Systems
  • Cynthia O. Dominguez, Wright State University
  • John M. Flach, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Daniel P. McKellar, Wright State University
  • Margaret M. Dunn, Wright State University
Document Type
Conference Proceeding
Publication Date
1-1-1996
Catalog Record
Catalog Record
Abstract

In an effort to understand the nature of perceptual expertise in laparoscopic surgery, we interviewed 20 surgeons, using videotape footage of a challenging laparoscopic gallbladder removal case. Early data analysis showed that certain perceptual cues along with accepted surgical methods were important for supporting the confidence level needed to proceed laparoscopically when risk was present. Staff (expert) surgeons in this sample decided to convert to an open procedure less frequently than residents. They also were able to “see” meaningful perceptual cues more frequently than the residents. Staff surgeons were more likely to make specific predictions and inferences about the patient’s disease from the available perceptual information. To varying extents, all of the surgeons indicated the importance of monitoring whether events were outside their personal comfort boundary. This research supports a focus on perceptual abilities as well as metacognitive abilities in surgical training.

Comments

This paper was presented at the Third Annual Symposium on Human Interaction with Complex Systems, Dayton, Ohio, August 25-28, 1996.

DOI
10.1109/HUICS.1996.549501
Citation Information
Cynthia O. Dominguez, John M. Flach, Daniel P. McKellar and Margaret M. Dunn. "Using Videotaped Cases to Elicit Perceptual Expertise in Laparoscopic Surgery" Third Annual Symposium on Human Interaction with Complex Systems (1996) p. 116 - 123 ISSN: 0818674938
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/john_flach/152/