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Article
A Modified Grounded Theory Study of how Psychiatric Nurses Work with Suicidal People
International Journal of Nursing Studies
  • John R. Cutcliffe, Wright State University - Main Campus
  • Chris Stevenson
  • Sue Jackson
  • Paul Smith
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
9-1-2006
Abstract
Background: People with mental health problems continue to present a disproportionately high risk of suicide. Despite the relevance of suicide to psychiatric/mental health (P/MH) nurses, there is a documented paucity of research in this substantive area undertaken by or referring specifically to P/MH nurses; there is currently no extant theory to guide P/MH nursing care of the suicidal person. Objectives: Accordingly, this paper reports on a study undertaken to determine if P/MH nurses provide meaningful caring response to suicidal people, and if so how. Design: The study used a modified grounded theory method and was conducted in keeping with the Glaserian tenets of Grounded Theory. Settings: The study was conducted in two geographical locations within the United Kingdom, one in the North and the other in the Midlands; both locations contained large urban centres. Participants: A total of 20 participants were selected across the locations by means of theoretical sampling. All the participants were over 18 years old, had made a serious attempt on their lives or felt they were on the cusp of so doing and had received ‘crisis’ care from the ‘emergency’ psychiatric services. Methods: The study adhered to the principle features of Glaserian grounded theory namely—(a) theory generation, not theory verification; (b) theoretical sampling, (c) the constant comparative method of data analysis; and (d) theoretical sensitivity (searching for/discovering the core variable, one which identified the key pychosocial process and contains temporal dimensions stages). Further, the authors ensured that the study was concerned with generating conceptual theory, not conceptual description. Findings/Conclusion: The findings indicate that this key psychosocial problem is addressed through the core variable, ‘re-connecting the person with humanity’. This parsimonious theory describes and explains a three-stage healing process consisting of the sub-core variables: ‘reflecting an image of humanity’, ‘guiding the individual back to humanity’ and ‘learning to live’.
Comments
To acquire a personal use copy of this work, contact John Cutcliffe at john.cutcliffe@wright.edu.
DOI
10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2005.09.001
Citation Information
John R. Cutcliffe, Chris Stevenson, Sue Jackson and Paul Smith. "A Modified Grounded Theory Study of how Psychiatric Nurses Work with Suicidal People" International Journal of Nursing Studies Vol. 43 Iss. 7 (2006) p. 791 - 802 ISSN: 00207489
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/john_cutcliffe/29/