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Using High Stakes Tests to Raise Achievement
Articles and Chapters
  • John H. Bishop, Cornell University
Publication Date
“Educational reformers and most of the American public think that teachers ask too little of their pupils. These low expectations, they believe, result in watered-down curricula and a tolerance of mediocre teaching and inappropriate student behavior. The prophecy of low achievement thus becomes self-fulfilling.”

Suggested Citation
Bishop, J. (2001). Using high stakes tests to raise achievement [Electronic version]. Students continually learning: A report of presentations, student voices, and state actions (pp. 73-80). Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers.

Required Publisher Statement
Originally published as: Bishop, J. "Using High Stakes to Raise Achievement." Students Continually Learning. (Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers, 2001), 73-80. Published version posted with special permission of the copyright holder.

Citation Information
John H. Bishop. "Using High Stakes Tests to Raise Achievement" (2001)
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