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Article
Integrating Creative, Critical, and Historical Thinking through Close Reading, Document- Based Writing, and Original Political Cartooning
The Councilor: A Journal of the Social Studies (2016)
  • John H. Bickford, III
Abstract
Historical thinking, an unnatural and developed skill,1 is foundational for both civic
involvement and social studies education.2 To facilitate students’ historical thinking, teachers can
draw from a myriad of discipline-specific close reading strategies.3 History literacy stratagems can
be adjusted for learners both young4 and old5; teachers can target a specific heuristic6 or address a
distinct barrier to understanding.7 Whether termed content area literacy strategies, close readings,
processes, and simply methods,8 state and national education require students to scrutinize
complex, diverse, and, at times, competing texts.9 The education initiatives assess students—in
both history/social studies and English/language arts non-fiction curricula—on their ability to
extract, employ, and cite newly generated understandings within discipline-specific writing tasks.10
Keywords
  • political cartoons,
  • integrative learning,
  • critical thinking
Disciplines
Publication Date
2016
Citation Information
John H. Bickford. "Integrating Creative, Critical, and Historical Thinking through Close Reading, Document- Based Writing, and Original Political Cartooning" The Councilor: A Journal of the Social Studies Vol. 77 Iss. 1 (2016)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/john_bickford/28/