Skip to main content
Substance matters: A reply to Jardine 2016
Phonology (2018)
  • Joe Pater
Jardine (2016) claims that tonal phonology is more formally complex than the phonology of other segmental features, in that only tonal phonology goes beyond the class of Weakly Deterministic maps. He then goes on to argue that this formal distinction is superior to any available treatment in Optimality Theory. This reply points out that Jardine’s formal distinction conflates attested and unattested tonal patterns, which can be distinguished in Optimality Theory given a substantively defined constraint set. 
Publication Date
Winter 2018
Citation Information
Joe Pater. "Substance matters: A reply to Jardine 2016" Phonology (2018)
Available at: