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Article
Psychosocial predictors of emotional eating and their weight-loss treatment-induced changes in women with obesity
Eating and Weight Disorders: Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity
  • James J. Annesi, Kennesaw State University
  • Nicole Mareno, Kennesaw State University
  • Kristin McEwen
Department
Exercise Science and Sport Management
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
6-1-2016
Disciplines
Abstract
Purpose This study aimed at assessing whether psychosocial predictors of controlled eating and weight loss also predict emotional eating, and how differing weight-loss treatment methods affect those variables. Methods Women with obesity (M = 47.8 ± 7.9 years; BMI = 35.4 ± 3.3 kg/m2) were randomized into groups of either phone-supported self-help (Self-Help; n = 50) or in-person contact (Personal Contact; n = 53) intended to increase exercise, improve eating behaviors, and reduce weight over 6 months. Results A multiple regression analysis indicated that at baseline mood, self-regulating eating, body satisfaction, and eating-related self-efficacy significantly predicted emotional eating (R2 = 0.35), with mood and self-efficacy as independent predictors. Improvements over 6 months on each psychosocial measure were significantly greater in the Personal Contact group. Changes in mood, self-regulation, body satisfaction, and self-efficacy significantly predicted emotional eating change (R2 = 0.38), with all variables except self-regulation change being an independent predictor. Decreased emotional eating was significantly associated with weight loss. Conclusion Findings suggest that weight-loss interventions should target specific psychosocial factors to improve emotional eating. The administration of cognitive-behavioral methods through personal contact might be more beneficial for those improvements than self-help formats.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
10.1007/s40519-015-0209-9
Citation Information
James J. Annesi, Nicole Mareno and Kristin McEwen. "Psychosocial predictors of emotional eating and their weight-loss treatment-induced changes in women with obesity" Eating and Weight Disorders: Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity Vol. 21 Iss. 2 (2016) p. 289 - 295 ISSN: 1590-1262
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jim-annesi/154/