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Article
Increasing Children’s Voluntary Physical Activity Outside of School Hours Through Targeting Social Cognitive Theory Variables
Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
  • James J. Annesi, Kennesaw State University
  • Stephanie M. Walsh
  • Brittney L. Greenwood
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
10-1-2016
Abstract
Introduction: Volume of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity completed during the elementary school day is insufficient, and associated with health risks. Improvements in theory-based psychosocial factors might facilitate increased out-of-school physical activity. Methods: A behaviorally based after-school care protocol, Youth Fit 4 Life, was tested for its association with increased voluntary, out-of-school physical activity and improvements in its theory-based psychosocial predictors in 9- to 12-year-olds. Results: Increases over 12 weeks in out-of-school physical activity, and improvements in self-regulation for physical activity, exercise self-efficacy, and mood, were significantly greater in the Youth Fit 4 Life group (n = 88) when contrasted with a typical care control group (n = 57). Changes in the 3 psychosocial variables significantly mediated the group–physical activity change relationship (R2 = .31, P < .001). Change in self-regulation was a significant independent mediator, and had a reciprocal relationship with change in out-of-school physical activity. In the Youth Fit 4 Life group, occurrence of 300 min/wk of overall physical activity increased from 41% to 71%. Conclusions: Targeting theory-based psychosocial changes within a structured after-school care physical activity program was associated with increases in children’s overall time being physically active. After replication, large scale application will be warranted.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
10.1177/2150131916656177
Citation Information
James J. Annesi, Stephanie M. Walsh and Brittney L. Greenwood. "Increasing Children’s Voluntary Physical Activity Outside of School Hours Through Targeting Social Cognitive Theory Variables" Journal of Primary Care & Community Health Vol. 7 Iss. 4 (2016) p. 234 - 241 ISSN: 2150-1327
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jim-annesi/150/