Skip to main content
Contribution to Book
Feeding ecology of savanna chimpanzees at Fongoli, Senegal
The Feeding Ecology of Great Apes and other Primates
  • Jill D. Pruetz, Iowa State University
Document Type
Book Chapter
Publication Version
Published Version
Publication Date
Chimpanzees are commonly known as ripe fruit specialists (Goodall, 1968, 1986; Hladik, 1977, 1977, 1979; Nishida, 1990; Matsumoto-Oda & Hayashi, 1997; Tutin et al., 1997; Wrangham et al., 1998; Newton-Fisher, 1999; Balcomb et al., 2000; Basabose, 2002), and this dietary emphasis is thought to be a major factor influencing their fission-fusion social organization (Wrangham, 1979; Sugiyama & Koman, 1992; Wrangham, 2000; NewtonFisher et al., 2000; Mitani et al., 2002; Lehmann & Boesch, 2004). In order to maximize their utilization of ripe fruit resources, which are generally described as patchy and variable in size (e.g., Ghiglieri, 1984 ), chimpanzee subgroups or parties fluctuate in size and individual make-up in response to resources. Presence of estrous females also influences the size and composition of chimpanzee parties, and this effect has been found to equate with food availability at some sites or even to surpass it (Goodall, 1986; Sakura, 1994; Boesch, 1996; Newton-Fisher et al., 2000; Anderson et al., 2002; Mitani et al., 2002).

This is a chapter from The Feeding Ecology of Great Apes and other Primates (Cambridge Studies in Biological & Evolutionary Anthropology). C. Boesch, G. Hohmann, M. Robbins, eds., Cambridge Univ. Press (2006).

Copyright Owner
Cambridge University Press
File Format
Citation Information
Jill D. Pruetz. "Feeding ecology of savanna chimpanzees at Fongoli, Senegal" The Feeding Ecology of Great Apes and other Primates (2006) p. 161 - 182
Available at: