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Measuring Relationship Quality in an International Study: Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Validity
Research on Social Work Practice (2016)
  • Jill M. Chonody, Indiana University Northwest
  • Jacqui Gabb, Open University
  • Mike Killian, University of Texas at Arlington
  • Priscilla Dunk-West, Flinders University
Objective: This study reports on the operationalization and testing of the newly developed Relationship Quality (RQ) scale, designed to assess an individual’s perception of his or her RQ in their current partnership. Methods: Data were generated through extended sampling from an original U.K.-based research project, Enduring Love? Couple relationships in the 21st century. This mixed methods study was designed to investigate how couples experience, understand, and sustain their long-term relationships. This article utilizes the cross-sectional, community sample (N = 8,132) from this combined data set, drawn primarily from the United Kingdom, United States, and Australia. A two-part approach to scale development was employed. An initial 15-item pool was subjected to exploratory factor analysis leading into confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modeling. Results: The final 9-item scale evidenced convergent construct validity and known-groups validity along with strong reliability. Conclusion: Implications for future research and professional practice are discussed.
  • relationship quality,
  • scale,
  • measurement,
  • long-term couple relationships,
  • relationship satisfaction
Publication Date
August 3, 2016
Publisher Statement
Date provided is the online early release publication date.

This document was originally published in Research on Social Work Practice by SAGE. This work is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 license. Details regarding the use of this work can be found at: doi: 10.1177/1049731516631120
Citation Information
Jill M. Chonody, Jacqui Gabb, Mike Killian and Priscilla Dunk-West. "Measuring Relationship Quality in an International Study: Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Validity" Research on Social Work Practice (2016)
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Creative Commons license
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons CC_BY-NC International License.