Employment of minor undercover informant has been proven effective in alcohol and tobacco illegal transaction, because both cases do not involve physical violence very much. When it comes to drug case, extreme physical threats are often present to minor informants. Here comes the dilemma between public interests and personal safety. No doubt, the drug related crimes have put the public in a dangerous place. Since the declaration of the war on drugs, drug-related crimes steadily rise over time. More and more juveniles are participating in drug-related cases. Employment of minor informants can effectively reduce juvenile-related drug crimes than employment of adults, because adults are more easily exposed. However, for the minor delinquent, personal safety would be compromised in the position of undercover informant. Chad MacDonald, an undercover informant working for Brea Police Department in California, was killed by drug dealer, when he was seventeen in 1998. There are many other minors working as unprotected undercover informants as Chad MacDonald. Children, as a weak group, usually cannot protect themselves from the danger. They tend to seek protection from adults. Personal safety is the top priority for every child. Even all undercover minors have a delinquent record before they are employed, they are not necessarily put into this dangerous position. Public safety is absolutely the most important task for the Government, but this cannot be done at the cost of children’s safety, if there are other options we can take to deal with crime, even other ways are not as effective as the minor informants.
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