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Characteristics and Expression Profile of KRT71 Screened by Suppression Subtractive Hybridization cDNA Library in Curly Fleece Chinese Tan Sheep
DNA and Cell Biology (2017)
  • Xiaolong Kang, Ningxia University
  • Yufang Liu, China Agricultural University
  • Jibin Zhang, Iowa State University
  • Qinqin Xu, China Agricultural University
  • Chengkun Liu, China Agricultural University
  • Meiying Fang, China Agricultrual University
Abstract
As an important commercial trait for sheep, curly fleece has a great economic impact on production costs and efficiency in sheep industry. To identify genes that are important for curly fleece formation in mammals, a suppression subtractive hybridization analysis was performed on the shoulder skin tissues exposed to two different growth stages of Chinese Tan sheep with different phenotypes (curly fleece and noncurling fleece). BLAST analysis identified 67 differentially expressed genes, of which 31 were expressed lower and 36 were expressed higher in lambs than in adult sheep. Differential expressions of seven randomly selected genes were verified using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). KRT71 gene was selected for further study due to its high correlation with the curly hair phenotype in various mammal species. Semi-qPCR showed distinctively high expression of KRT71 in skin tissues. Moreover, qPCR result showed a significantly higher expression of KRT71 in curly fleece than noncurling Tan sheep. The luciferase assay and electrophoresis mobility shift assay showed that there were transcription factor binding sites in the promoter region of KRT71 related to the differential expression of KRT71 at the two growth stages of Tan sheep. Online bioinformation tools predicted MFZ1 as a transcriptional factor that regulates the expression of KRT71. These studies on KRT71 gene revealed some mechanisms underlying the relationship between the KRT71 gene and the curly fleece phenotype of Tan sheep.
Keywords
  • suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH),
  • KRT71,
  • Tan sheep,
  • Differential expression
Publication Date
Summer May 16, 2017
DOI
10.1089/dna.2017.3718
Citation Information
Xiaolong Kang, Yufang Liu, Jibin Zhang, Qinqin Xu, et al.. "Characteristics and Expression Profile of KRT71 Screened by Suppression Subtractive Hybridization cDNA Library in Curly Fleece Chinese Tan Sheep" DNA and Cell Biology Vol. 37 (2017) ISSN: 1557-7430
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jibin-zhang/19/