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Article
pNaKtide inhibits Na/K-ATPase reactive oxygen species amplification and attenuates adipogenesis
Biochemistry and Microbiology
  • Komal Sodhi, Marshall University
  • Kyle Maxwell
  • Yanling Yan, Marshall University
  • Jiang Liu, Marshall University
  • Muhammad Chaudhry, Marshall University
  • Morgan Getty
  • Zijian Xie, Marshall University
  • Nader G. Abraham, Marshall University
  • Joseph I. Shapiro, MD, Marshall University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
10-16-2015
Abstract
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic and is a major risk factor for metabolic syndrome. Oxidative stress is known to play a role in the generation and maintenance of an obesity phenotype in both isolated adipocytes and intact animals. Because we had identified that the Na/K-ATPase can amplify oxidant signaling, we speculated that a peptide designed to inhibit this pathway, pNaKtide, might ameliorate an obesity phenotype. To test this hypothesis, we first performed studies in isolated murine preadipocytes (3T3L1 cells) and found that pNaKtide attenuated oxidant stress and lipid accumulation in a dose-dependent manner. Complementary experiments in C57Bl6 mice fed a high-fat diet corroborated our in vitro observations. Administration of pNaKtide in these mice reduced body weight gain, restored systemic redox and inflammatory milieu, and, crucially, improved insulin sensitivity. Thus, we propose that inhibition of Na/K-ATPase amplification of oxidative stress may ultimately be a novel way to combat obesity, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome.
Comments

The copy of record is available from the publisher at http://dx.doi.org/10.1126%2Fsciadv.1500781. Copyright © 2015, The Authors. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1500781

Citation Information
Sodhi K, Maxwell K, Yan Y, Liu J, Chaudhry MA, Getty M, Xie Z, Abraham NG, Shapiro JI. pNaKtide inhibits Na/K-ATPase reactive oxygen species amplification and attenuates adipogeneses. Science Advances. 2015;1(9), e1500781