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Non-ionic surfactants for enhancing electrospinability and for the preparation of electrospun nanofibers
Polymer International, Volume 57 Issue 9, Pages 1079 - 1082 (2008)
  • Shu-Qiang Wang
  • Ji-Huan He, Donghua University
  • Lan Xu
Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND: Electrospinning is widely used to produce nanofibers; however, not every polymer can be electrospun into nanofibers. To enhance electrospinability, much effort has been made in designing new apparatus, such as vibration-electrospinning, magneto-electrospinning and bubble-electrospinning. RESULTS: A representative non-ionic surfactant, TritonR X-100, is used to enhance electrospinability. The surfactant is added to an electrospun poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) polymer solution, and a dramatic reduction in surface tension is observed. As a result, a moderate voltage is needed to produce fine nanofibers, which are commonly observed during the conventional electrospinning procedure only at elevated voltage. CONCLUSION: The novel strategy produces smaller nanofibers than those obtained without surfactants, and the minimum threshold voltage is much decreased. Copyright © 2008 Society of Chemical Industry

Publication Date
2008
Citation Information
Shu-Qiang Wang, Ji-Huan He and Lan Xu. "Non-ionic surfactants for enhancing electrospinability and for the preparation of electrospun nanofibers" Polymer International, Volume 57 Issue 9, Pages 1079 - 1082 (2008)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/ji_huan_he/41/