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Article
Differences in Physical Activity and Diet Patterns between Non-Rural and Rural Adults.
Nutrients
  • Lacey McCormack, South Dakota State University
  • Howard Wey, South Dakota State University
  • Jessica R Meendering, South Dakota State University
  • Bonny Specker, South Dakota State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
11-1-2018
Keywords
  • rural,
  • Hutterite,
  • physical activity,
  • diet,
  • behavior,
  • lifestyle
Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is unclear how rural occupations and lifestyles may play a role in shaping physical activity and diet behaviors that contribute to the rural⁻urban obesity disparity.
METHODS: Data come from the prospective and observational South Dakota Rural Bone Health Study, which included adults aged 20⁻66 years in three groups: (1) non-rural non-Hutterite, (2) rural non-Hutterite, and (3) rural Hutterite. Physical activity data were collected using 7-day physical activity questionnaires, and hours per day in physical activity categories are reported. Diet data were collected using food frequency questionnaires, and food group servings per day (svg/day) are reported. Mixed models were generated to determine group differences in physical activity and diet outcomes, and marginal group means are presented.
RESULTS: Among females, both rural groups spent more time in moderate activity (4.8 ± 0.13 h/day and 4.7 ± 0.09 h/day vs. 3.5 ± 0.11 h/day, both
CONCLUSIONS: A rural occupation and lifestyle appear to contribute to differences in physical activity, while traditional rural lifestyle practices contribute to differences in diet.

Format
application/pdf
Language
en
PMCID
PMC6267585
DOI of Published Version
10.3390/nu10111601
Publisher
MDPI
Rights
© 2018 The Authors
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Comments

This article was published in (2018) Nutrients, 10(11), 1601; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111601

Citation Information
Lacey McCormack, Howard Wey, Jessica R Meendering and Bonny Specker. "Differences in Physical Activity and Diet Patterns between Non-Rural and Rural Adults." Nutrients Vol. 10 Iss. 11 (2018) p. 1601
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jessica-meendering/42/