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Participation and model-building: lessons learned from the Bukittinggi workshop
Small-Scale Forestry
  • Jerome K Vanclay, Southern Cross University
  • Mandy Haggith, WorldFOrests, Inverness
  • Carol J Pierce Colfer, Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia
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FLORES (the Forest Land Oriented Resource Envisioning System) was initially constructed by 50 people during a multidisciplinary workshop in Bukittinggi, Sumatra, in 1999. It proved that a model of a complex system could be constructed in a participatory way by a diverse team; that it could be done with a graphically-based package such as Simile; and that the resulting model could remain reasonably accessible to all participants, and could run on an ordinary notebook computer. Many useful insights can be gained through building such a model, and subsequent experience has demonstrated that modelling in this way can foster continuing interdisciplinary collaboration. Participants founded the FLORES Society, a loose collective open to all researchers interested in pursuing the development and use of such models. The Society conducts an e-mail discussion group on (subscription requests to JV
Citation Information

Post-print of Vanclay, JK, Haggith, M & Pierce Colfer, CJ 2003, 'Participation and model-building: lessons learned from the Bukittinggi workshop', Small-Scale Forestry, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 135-154.

The original publication is available at,