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Article
Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status Predicts Health After Hospitalization for Acute Coronary Syndromes: Findings From TRACE-CORE (Transitions, Risks, and Actions in Coronary Events-Center for Outcomes Research and Education)
UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications
  • Lisa Nobel, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • William M. Jesdale, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Jennifer Tjia, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Molly E. Waring, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • David C. Parish, Mercer University
  • Arlene S. Ash, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Catarina I. Kiefe, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Jeroan J. Allison, University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Publication Date
10-9-2017
Document Type
Article
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of contextual factors on health-related quality of life (HRQoL), which is sometimes used as an indicator of quality of care, we examined the association of neighborhood socioeconomic status (NSES) and trajectories of HRQoL after hospitalization for acute coronary syndromes (ACS).

METHODS: We studied 1481 patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndromes in Massachusetts and Georgia querying HRQoL via the mental and physical components of the 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) (MCS and PCS) and the physical limitations and angina-related HRQoL subscales of the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) during hospitalization and at 1-, 3-, and 6-month postdischarge. We categorized participants by tertiles of the neighborhood deprivation index (a residence-census tract-based measure) to examine the association of NSES with trajectories of HRQoL after adjusting for individual socioeconomic status (SES) and clinical characteristics.

RESULTS: Participants had mean age 61.3 (SD, 11.4) years; 33% were female; 76%, non-Hispanic white; 11.2% had household income below the federal poverty level. During 6 months postdischarge, living in lower NSES neighborhoods was associated with lower mean PCS scores (1.5 points for intermediate NSES; 1.8 for low) and SAQ scores (2.4 and 4.2 points) versus living in high NSES neighborhoods. NSES was more consequential for patients with lower individual SES. Individuals living below the federal poverty level had lower average MCS and SAQ physical scores (3.7 and 7.7 points, respectively) than those above.

CONCLUSIONS: Neighborhood deprivation was associated with worse health status. Using HRQoL to assess quality of care without accounting for individual SES and NSES may unfairly penalize safety-net hospitals.

Keywords
  • UMCCTS funding
DOI of Published Version
10.1097/MLR.0000000000000819
Source
Med Care. 2017 Oct 9. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000819. Link to article on publisher's site
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
PubMed ID
29016395
Citation Information
Lisa Nobel, William M. Jesdale, Jennifer Tjia, Molly E. Waring, et al.. "Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status Predicts Health After Hospitalization for Acute Coronary Syndromes: Findings From TRACE-CORE (Transitions, Risks, and Actions in Coronary Events-Center for Outcomes Research and Education)" (2017) ISSN: 0025-7079 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/jeroan_allison/265/